The Truth About Added Sugars
2017 will mark a major shift in attitudes toward added sugars and how they impact the health of Americans. The American Heart Association recommends a daily added sugar intake of no more than 36 grams/9 teaspoons/150 calories for men and 24 grams/6 teaspoons/100 calories for women and children over two. Added sugars are those which are not naturally occurring. Examples of natural sugars include those found in fruits, vegetables, and milk. Added or hidden sugars include any sugars or caloric sweeteners that are added to foods or beverages during processing.
According to a 2014 study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, people who consume 10% or more of their calories from added dietary sugar have a 30% increased risk for cardiovascular disease related mortality. That risk is doubled for those who consume 25% or more of their daily calories from added dietary sugars.
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Browse the resources below to catch up on the latest developments in the path against the epidemic of added sugars:
The basics on added sugars and the American Heart Association’s recommended daily limit.
Added Sugars and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children – A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association
Release in August 2016, this latest statement provides a comprehensive review of the available evidence on added sugars intake and CVD risk in children and adolescents.
2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans – From the U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and of Agriculture (USDA)
This latest edition of the Dietary Guidelines is notable for suggesting a limit on calories consumed from added sugars.
Also from the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, this chart displays sources of added sugar by percentage.
The FDA’s announcement of changes to the Nutrition Facts label which food manufacturers must implemented by July 26, 2018.
NPR article discussing the FDA’s announcement of a new Nutrition Facts label.
From the FDA website, this article reviews the “influential role that sugar and food sweeteners have played in food and drug regulatory history.”
Article from The Washington Post discussing the food industry’s reaction to the FDA’s label changes.
ADA Praises FDA for Including Added Sugars in Updated Nutrition Labels – American Dental Association
The American Dental Association reacts to the FDA’s announced modifications to the Nutrition Facts label.
In this 2015 press release, the World Health Organization recommends adults and children reduce their daily added sugar intake to less than 10% of their total energy intake.
Facts about added sugar from Harvard University.
Prevalence of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Adults – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
From the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, published February 2016.
This website reflects an exhaustive review of more than 8,000 scientific papers that have been published to date about sugar and its impact on health.
This 2014 article finds that most U.S. adults consume more added sugar than is recommended for a healthy diet.
New York Times article discussing newly released historical documents which show “the sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat as the culprit instead.”
The science behind coronary heart disease and the role added sugar plays.
Article discussing the findings of a recent study performed by the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Advice on navigating nutrition labels from Mehmet Oz, M.D., and Mike Roizen, M.D.
Reducing added sugar intake is included in this list of suggestions for feeling more energized.
Tips on eliminating a sugar addiction for a healthier lifestyle.
Advice and articles from medical experts, health advocates, and writers on global health, healthcare policy, and research and news trends.
Experts warn that it may have an outsize role in causing obesity and diabetes—thus increasing the risk of chronic illnesses such as heart disease.
A brief discussion of stevia as a non-glycemic response sweetener for people with diabetes versus other traditional or alternative sweeteners.
Did food companies deliberately set out to manipulate research on American health in their favor? Gary Taubes’s powerful new history, The Case Against Sugar, will convince you that they did.
Empty calories are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the problems with added sugar.
This ScienceDaily article discusses research which points to added sugar as a greater contributor to coronary heart disease than saturated fats.